The oceans cover more than 70% of the Earth's surface. They are critical to all life, and differentiate the Earth from most other planets in the universe. The oceans are connected by a continuous flowing circulation current which plays a major role in driving Earth's climate.

Oceans   Currents   Eddies   Gyres   Upwelling   Teaching Oceanography    If the Earth stood still    

Perpetual Ocean Video   Virtual Ocean    Ocean color web   New spin on ocean's role

Our oceans cosmic origins     Origin of Earth's oceans    Did Earth's oceans come from comets?

Fresh evidence for how water reached Earth found in asteroid debris   

Oceans arrived early to Earth    Earth Oceans Were Homegrown

Astronomers finally find the answer to Earth's water mystery

Scientists solve a 14,000-year-old ocean mystery

Lab experiments question popular measurements of ancient ocean temperatures

Ocean circulation rethink solves climate conundrum

Surface of  the ocean affects climate more than thought

Touring the ocean bottom    Mapping marine landscapes in the deep ocean    Seabed lithology

General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO)    NOAA Marine Geology & Geophysics

New information about sub-seafloor structure

A deep mantle origin for the primitive signature of ocean island basalt

Seamounts as Conduits for Massive Fluid, Heat and Solute Fluxes on Ridge Flanks

New digital seafloor geology map uses artificial intelligence and big data to boost understanding of seafloor 

Scientific mission will explore one of the deepest ocean trenches

Census of seafloor sediments in the world's oceans      GPlates webportal

The devolution of the seas - the consequences of oceanic destruction 

The deepest dig - ocean mining    Scientists caution against exploitation of deep ocean 

How well-connected is the surface of the global ocean?

Dissecting the ocean's unseen waves to learn where the heat, eanergy and nutrients go

The ocean's hidden waves show their power    Rogue waves

Breaking deep-sea waves reveal mechanism for global ocean mixing

Modeling tides and vertical tidal mixing: A reality check    Mesoscale ocean eddies impact weather

Ocean tides and Earth's rotation - results of a high-resolving ocean model forced by the lunisolar tidal potential 

Mathematics and the ocean: movement, mixing and climate modelling

Star-shaped waves spotted in shaken fluid     Creating waves that are frozen in time

Chasing the black holes of the ocean   Coherent Lagrangian vortices: the black holes of turbulence

GOOS: Global Ocean Observing System    Engineers hand 'cognitive' control to underwater robots

Need for monitoring and maintaining sustainable marine ecosystem services

Assessing ocean changes without data centers    Video interview part 1    part 2   

Earth's oceans coud look completely different by the end of the century

Oceans suffering from sea sickness   Nature study highlights many paths to ocean health 

The modulation of oceanic moisture transport by the hemispheric annular modes

Protecting the deep sea: a call for balancing mining and ecosystem protection 

Catlin seaview survey   UN World Ocean Assessment    Valuing the ocean

WWF: Reviving the ocean economy: the case for action -2015

EEZ (Wikipedia)    UN Exclusive Economic Zones

From decline to recovery: a rescue package for the global ocean

Scripps Researcher Helps Raise Deep Concerns about Deep Sea

The state of the ocean 2013: perils, prognoses and perils   

Global change and the future of ocean: a grand challenge for marine sciences

Scientists' perspectives on global ocean research priorities    The ocean's sensitive skin

Vitamin water: measuring essential nutrients in the ocean    Salinity matters

Sea Ice Historical Forecast Project (Ice-HFP)

'Chemical atlas' provides unique understanding of ocean geochemistry

Toxic oceans may have delayed spread of complex life    

Methane Escape Research    Decoding materal fluxes in the tropical ocean 

Where iron and water mix: hydrothermal vents a significant source of iron in the oceans

Using Atmospheric Potential Oxygen to Gain Insight into Climate Drivers of Ocean Biogeochemistry

The chemical memory of seawater: scientists examine the biomolecules dissolved in the ocean and read them like a history book of the sea

Contrasting the surface ocean distribution of bromoform and methyl iodide: implications for boundary layer physics, chemistry and climate

How ocean chemistry affects climate change    Climate change will upset vital ocean chemical cycles

Scientists discover link between climate change and ocean currents during last 6 million years

Sailing through changing oceans: ocean and polar life and environmental sciences on a warming planet

Massive study is first to explore historical ocean response to abrupt climate change

Smothered oceans: extreme oxygen loss in oceans accompanied past global climate change

How variable are ocean temperatures?    Deep oceans warming at alarming rate 

Warming of the oceans and implications for the (re)insurance industry 

Ancient pool of warm water questions current climate models

Evolving science of marine reserves: new developments

International Hydrographic Organization 

New UK national centre covers marine science from the coast to the deep ocean

Scripps scientists explore the mysteries and challenges of the deep sea

National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. Naval Forces 

Regional Oceans:

Aluminium in an ocean GCM compared with West Atlantic Geotraces cruises

Sea surface temperature reaches record highs on US northeast continental shelf

UW instals on-line deep-sea observatory     

Underwater lab: UW researchers install 14 miles of cable, acmeras, sensors on ocean floor

Deep-sea streaming: 500-mile NEPTUNE cabling brings Internet to the ocean floor

Study explains Pacific equatorial cold water region

Sciientists track monster waves below theocean surface

Marine forecasting on the horizon for Indian Ocean Rim

Origin of Indian Ocean Seamount Province by shallow recycling of continental lithosphere

What kind of iron is in the Southern Ocean?     The International Bathymetric Chart of the Southern Ocean

Miixing it up: study provides new insight into Southern Ocean behaviour

Latest Southern Ocean research shows continuing deep ocean change

Massive Southern Ocean current discovered    New discovery of how carbon is stored in the Southern Ocean

Early Holocene Eastern Mediterranean ocean climate and the stability of its overturning circulation

Big changes in the Sargasso Sea

Ocean Acidification:

Ocean Acidification    Ocean Acidification   Ocean Acidification in Deep Time

New challenges for ocean acidification research    Watch ocean acidification in real time

Ocean acidification research should increase focus on species' ability to adapt 

Scientists analyse the extent of ocean acidification

Oceans aciidifying faster than thay have in the past 300 mllion years

Comprehensive Study Makes Key Findings of Ocean pH Variations

Ocean Acidification rate may be unprecedented   Ocean acidification: hard to digest

First evidence of ocean acidification affecting live marine creatures in the Southern Ocean 

Ocean Oxygen:

Geologists confirm oxygen levels of ancient oceans     Respiratory disorder in the ocean

Ocean's most oxygen-deprived zones to shrink under climate change

A Looming Oxygen Crisis and Its Impact on World Oceans