The oceans cover more than 70% of the Earth's surface. They are critical to all life, and differentiate the Earth from most other planets in the universe. The oceans are connected by a continuous flowing circulation current which plays a major role in driving Earth's climate.

Oceans   Currents   Eddies   Gyres   Upwelling   Teaching Oceanography   Virtual Ocean

Our oceans cosmic origins     Origin of Earth's oceans    Oceans arrived early to Earth

Fresh evidence for how water reached Earth found in asteroid debris

Where iron and water mix: hydrothermal vents a significant source of iron in the oceans 

Global change and the future of ocean: a grand challenge for marine sciences

Protecting the deep sea: a call for balancing mining and ecosystem protection 

Sailing through changing oceans: ocean and polar life and environmental sciences on a warming planet

Dissecting the ocean's unseen waves to learn where the heat, eanergy and nutrients go

Scientists' perspectives on global ocean research priorities     Catlin seaview survey

UN World Ocean Assessment      WWF: Reviving the ocean economy: the case for action -2015

EEZ (Wikipedia)     UN Exclusive Economic Zones    Valuing the ocean

From decline to recovery: a rescue package for the global ocean   

The deepest dig - ocean mining    Scientists caution against exploitation of deep ocean  

Mapping marine landscapes in the deep ocean

Engineers hand 'cognitive' control to underwater robots

GOOS: Global Ocean Observing System     If the Earth stood still     Salinity matters    

Massive study is first to explore historical ocean response to abrupt climate change

Smothered oceans: extreme oxygen loss in oceans accomppanied past global climate change

The ocean's sensitive skin    How variable are ocean temperatures?     

Oceans suffering from sea sickness     Assessing ocean changes without data centers

The devolution of the seas - the consequences of oceanic destruction

How well-connected is the surface of the global ocean?

Need for monitoring and maintaining sustainable marine ecosystem services

New spin on ocean's role     Perpetual Ocean Video

The state of the ocean 2013: perils, prognoses and perils     Video interview part 1    part 2 

Scientists discover link between climate change and ocean currents during last 6 million years

'Chemical atlas' provides unique understanding of ocean geochemistry

The modulation of oceanic moisture transport by the hemispheric annular modes

The ocean's hidden waves show their power    Rogue waves 

Vitamin water: measuring essential nutrients in the ocean

Mathematics and the ocean: movement, mixing and climate modelling

Breaking deep-sea waves reveal mechanism for global ocean mixing

Scientific mission will explore one of the deepest ocean trenches

Chasing the black holes of the ocean   Coherent Lagrangian vortices: the black holes of turbulence

Climate change will upset vital ocean chemical cycles

Mesoscale ocean eddies impact weather    Ocean color web

Star-shaped waves spotted in shaken fluid     Creating waves that are frozen in time

Warming of the oceans and implications for the (re)insurance industry

The chemical memory of seawater: scientists examine the biomolecules dissolved in the ocean and read them like a history book of the sea 

Toxic oceans may have delayed spread of complex life

Nature study highlights many paths to ocean health     Deep oceans warming at alarming rate

Scripps scientists explore the mysteries and challenges of the deep sea

Scientists solve a 14,000-year-old ocean mystery

General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO)

Air-Sea Flux   Air-sea Flux Global Datasets   Ocean Surface Current Simulator (OSCURS)    

Earth Oceans Were Homegrown    The Blue Planet's new water budget

Ancient pool of warm water questions current climate models   

Astronomers finally find the answer to Earth's water mystery    Did Earth's oceans come from comets?    

Ocean tides and Earth's rotation - results of a high-resolving ocean model forced by the lunisolar tidal potential 

Using Atmospheric Potential Oxygen to Gain Insight into Climate Drivers of Ocean Biogeochemistry

Earth's water cycle intensifying with atmospheric warming

Modeling tides and vertical tidal mixing: A reality check 

Scripps Researcher Helps Raise Deep Concerns about Deep Sea

How ocean chemistry affects climate change     

Seamounts as Conduits for Massive Fluid, Heat and Solute Fluxes on Ridge Flanks 

A deep mantle origin for the primitive signature of ocean island basalt

New information about sub-seafloor structure    

Evolving science of marine reserves: new developments

Decoding materal fluxes in the tropical ocean

Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction at Oceanic Mesoscales    Methane Escape Research

Contrasting the surface ocean distribution of bromoform and methyl iodide: implications for boundary layer physics, chemistry and climate

Sea Ice Historical Forecast Project (Ice-HFP)     International Hydrographic Organization  

New UK national centre covers marine science from the coast to the deep ocean

National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. Naval Forces  

NOAA Marine Geology & Geophysics

Regional Oceans:

Aluminium in an ocean GCM compared with West Atlantic Geotraces cruises

Sea surface temperature reaches record highs on US northeast continental shelf

UW instals on-line deep-sea observatory     

Underwater lab: UW researchers install 14 miles of cable, acmeras, sensors on ocean floor

Deep-sea streaming: 500-mile NEPTUNE cabling brings Internet to the ocean floor

Study explains Pacific equatorial cold water region

Sciientists track monster waves below theocean surface

Marine forecasting on the horizon for Indian Ocean Rim

Origin of Indian Ocean Seamount Province by shallow recycling of continental lithosphere

What kind of iron is in the Southern Ocean?     The International Bathymetric Chart of the Southern Ocean

Miixing it up: study provides new insight into Southern Ocean behaviour

Latest Southern Ocean research shows continuing deep ocean change

Massive Southern Ocean current discovered    New discovery of how carbon is stored in the Southern Ocean

Early Holocene Eastern Mediterranean ocean climate and the stability of its overturning circulation

Big changes in the Sargasso Sea

Ocean Acidification:

Ocean Acidification    Ocean Acidification   Ocean Acidification in Deep Time

New challenges for ocean acidification research    Watch ocean acidification in real time

Ocean acidification research should increase focus on species' ability to adapt 

Scientists analyse the extent of ocean acidification

Oceans aciidifying faster than thay have in the past 300 mllion years

Comprehensive Study Makes Key Findings of Ocean pH Variations

Ocean Acidification rate may be unprecedented   Ocean acidification: hard to digest

First evidence of ocean acidification affecting live marine creatures in the Southern Ocean 

Ocean Oxygen:

Geologists confirm oxygen levels of ancient oceans     Respiratory disorder in the ocean

Ocean's most oxygen-deprived zones to shrink under climate change

A Looming Oxygen Crisis and Its Impact on World Oceans