Weather Forecasting

History:

Send in the Weathermen

The science of weather (RMS)

Inventing atmospheric science

How weather affects marketing    

The dueling weathermen of the 1800s 

Ten-years of weather history in 3 minutes

Predicting the weather - a history of the forecast

Origin, impact and aftermath of WMO Resolution 40 

Carl-Gustaf Rossby: theorist, institution  builder, bon vivant

How atmospheric sounding transformed weather prediction    

Inside the weather wars that may threaten the daily forecast you depend on

Expedition to establish first meteorological observatoty on Mt. Kosciuszko, Australia  

Reanalysis & data rescue:  

Weather time machine

Copernicus C3S data rescue service 

Icebound: the climate-change secrets of 19th century ship's logs

Old weather 'time machine' opens a treasure trove for researchers

Unlocking pre-1850 instrumental meteorological records - a global inventory

Forecasting Methodologies: 

Can deep learning beat NWP?

GPS  improves weather forecasting

The data science behind weather prediction

Weather visualization is powered by big data

The future of weather and climate forecasting 

Transforming satellite data into weather forecasts

A year along the geostationary orbit of Himawari-8

'Nowcast' AI enables almost instant weather forecasts

Improving atmospheric forecasts with machine learning

Could your next phone call wreck our weather forecasts?

Great American Eclipse data may fine-tune weather forecasts

How modeling weather forecasts improves business decisions

Study highlights ways to boost weather and climate predictions

Forecasting the weather with big data and the fourth dimension

Radar better than weather-balloon for measuring boundary layer

Japan breakthrough could improve weather forecasts and save lives

Drop in aircraft observations could have impact on weather forecasts

Could machine learning replace the whole weather forecasting system?

For weather forecasting, precise observations matter more than butterflies

Decomposition of a new proper score for verification of ensemble forecasts

Focusing computational power for more accurate, efficient weather forecasts

A novel probabilistic forecast system predicting anomalously warm 2018-2022

NOAA launches new approach to accelerate innovation and new science in weather forecasting

Weather company using tiny satellites inks deals with NASA, European agencies to improve forecasts 

Tropical Meteorology:

Introduction to Tropical Meteorology

Scientiists explore roots of future tropical rainfall

Warming in the Antarctic stratosphere affects tropical weather

Rising temperature differences between hemispheres could dramatically shift rainfall patterns in tropics

Robust enhancement of tropical convective activity by the 2019 Antarctic sudden stratospheric warming

Polar Meteorology:

2020 Arctic summer seasonal  climate outlook along with a summary of 2020 Arctic winter season

Marine Meteorology:

Weather routing software for sailors

JCOMM: History of the Joint Commisssion for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology 

Predicting storms:

Hurricane coming? You'd bettter believe it this time

Seeking greater accuracy in predicting storm intensity

Dry soils can intensify mesoscale convective systems

Predicting torrential rain with the supercomputer Fugaku

The Cry Wolf effect and weather-related decision making

Collaboration uses machine learning to predict storm damage

The storm that never was: why the weatherman is often wrong

New research will improve early warning of devastating megastorms 

Bad weather warnings most effective if probability included, new research suggests

Connecting data to phenomena drives radar researcher to invetigate winter weather hazards

Forecasting rainfall: 

Real-time precipitable water (over land)

Doppler radar rainfall prediction and gauge data

HPC, weather prediction, and how you know it's going to rain

NASA study projects warming-driven changes in global rainfall   

K computer and high-tech radar come together to predict sudden torrential rains

Toward an assessment of high-resolution forecasts of long-lived convective precipitation in central US

The first multi-model ensemble of regional climate simulations at km-scale resolution: Part 1 precipitation

Atmospheric Rivers:

Atmospheric rivers in a changing climate

Atmospheric rivers caused the UK's worst floods   

Atmospheric river may submerge much of California

Extreme rainfall in New Zealand and its association with Atmospheric Rivers

Ocean warming pattern effects on future changes in East Asian atmospheric rivers

Forecasting hail storms:

Predicting severe hailstorms

Fine-tuning severe hail forecasting with machine learning

Researchers find pathway to give advanced notice for hailstorms

Forecsating extreme weather:

Saltier oceans can forecast rain on land

How AI can help handle severe weather

Advances in the subseasonal prediction of extreme events

Global warming and extreme cold: how one leads to the other

Combining AI and Analog Forecasting to predict extreme weather

Mapped: how climate change affects extreme weather around the world

Analog forecasting of extreme-causing weather patterns using deep learning

Supercomputer and space-based laser to help predict extreme weather events

Researchers enlist three supercomputers to apply deep learning to extreme weather

Deep Learning at 15 Pflops enables training for extreme weather identification at scale

Extreme weather: a large scale climate dataset for semi-supervised detection, localization & understanding

Long-range forecasting:

Predicting Seasonal Weather

Bridging the weather-to-climate prediction gap

Ocean temps predict US heat waves 50 days ou

Weather and chaos: the work of Edward N. Lorentz

Decadal prediction skill in a  multi-model ensemble

Want weather forecasts more than 15 days away? Not possible, say researchers

Enhanced long-range forecast skill in boreal winter following stratospheric strong vortex conditions

Longer-term weather and environmental forecasts will provide enormous benefit - need more research

The link between rainfall and ground vegetation:

Exploring how forest restoration affects water cycles

Study finds forest protection is key to reliable rainfall

Forecasting weather to fight fires:

How forecasring models are changing the way we fight fires

Forecasting weather for aviation:

How 'subtle changes' to flight paths will save Qantas millions a year

Weather forecasting and climate change:

Local weather forecasyers have become the unsung heroes of the climate crisis

Regional:

North America:

NOAA's premier forecast model goes 4D

US cloud-based weather network launched

FV3: Finite Volume Cubed-Sphere dynamical core

Track active weather with NOAA's new radar viewer

Weather anomalies accelerate the melting of sea ice

NOAA upgrades the US global weather forecast model 

Saltier seas mean heavy summer rains for US Midwest

NOAA, Microsoft team up to advance climate-ready nation

NOAA upgrades its flagship Global Forecast System again

US weather alert systems must modernize, say new reports

Latest US weather satellite highlights forecasting challenges

US scientists improve quality of global weather satellite data 

The long-awaited upgrade to the US weather forecast model is here 

New supercomputer to extend NOAA's weather predictions by six days

Short-range weather modeling application released by NOAA to US forecating community

Optimized Arctic observations for improving weather forecast in the Northern Sea Route (NSR)

South America:

Pollution is disrupting rain cycles in the Amazon

National Geographic team installs highest weather station in the tropical Andes

Europe:

Europeans shine in weather forecasting

The history and commentary on the UK Met

COSMO: GPU-accelerated weather forecasting

SMOS joins forces with top weather forecasting system

UK Met Office research increases skill in predicting winter outlook

Europe's big weather supercomputer data center is about to leave UK

UK regionsl weather forecasts could be improved using jet stream data

ECMWF opena Bologna datacenter in preparation for new supercomputer

Arctic summer wind shift could affect sea-ice loss and US/European weather

EUMETSAT Aeolus sends first vertical wind profile to EU weather forecasters

European forecasters to simulate weather at 1km resolution on Summit supercomputer

Modelling Mediterranean heavy precipitation at climate scale: CNRM-AROME regional climate model

Australia:

Statement on significant weather/climate events

Australian BOMer retires after 49 'magnificent' years

Researchers investigate heavy rainfalls over Australia's east coast

Special Climate Statement: 2021 Australia's wettest November on record

Australia: trends in the skill of weather prediction at lead times of 1 to 14 days

SpaceX rocket to carry satellites that will improve Australia's weather forecasting

Yes, it's been raining a lot, but that doesn't mean Australia's 2020 drought is broken

Rare weather phenomenon amassing in Southern Hemisphere - souther stratospheric warming (SSW)

Machine learning-based integration of climate drivers improve forecast seasonal rainfall probability in AUS

New Zealand:

NIWA launches snow and ice network

Southwest Pacific:

NZ: weather teams wasting resources

A new island-scale tropical ccyclone outlook for southwest Pacific nations and territories

Africa:

Climate change intensifying African weather systems

Building a value proposition for climate and weather services in Africa

Asia:

A  combined influence of 3 oceans on record-breaking rainfall over China in June 2020

Simulation of the effect of small-scale mountains on weather conditions during the 2021 ultramarathon, China

Leading commercial forecast systems:

The Weather Company absorbs Deep Thunder to bolster modelin

IBM's new global weather forecasting system GRAF runs on GPUsg

GPUs. Power9, figure prominently in IBM's bet on weather forecasting

Accuweather's compute strategy takes forecasting to the cloud at scale

From insurers to traders to retailers, more industries depend on weather tracking

Panasonic Global 4D Weather: the world's most advanced global weather forecasting platform