Sea Level Rise (SLR)

Sea-level Rise

If all the ice melted

Sea-level Variability

Global Sea Level Rise

Timing a rise in sea level 

Experiment to demostrate SLR

The puzzle of global sea-level rise

Global sea-level budget 1993-present

A quest to put SLR data in your pocket

Want to slow sea-level rise? Curb 4 pollutants

Charting ice sheet contributions to global sea level rise

Research will help policymakers plan for sea-level rise

Incorporating physical processess into SLR projections

Sea level science and applications support coastal resiliience

Uncovering the decline in 2010-11 global mean sea level and its relation to ENSO (Oct 2012) 
SLR and hydrological mass redistribution in the Earth System: variability and Anthropogenic change

Climate change and SLR:

Climate change already accelerating sea level rise

Dueling climate cycles may increase sea level swings

Significant sea-level rise in a 2-degree warming world

Long-term sea-level rise in response to warming of planet

Climate change is raising sea level - and threatening havoc

Climate scientists say they have solved riddle of rising sea levels

Two degress Celcius warming locks in SLR for thousands of years

Mapping choices: carbon, climate, and rising seas - our global legacy

Climate balancing: sea-level rise vs. surface temperature change rates

Climate seer James Hansen issues his direst forecast yet regarding SLR

A 'better path' toward projecting, planning for rising seas on a warmer Earth

New study documents the natural relationship between CO2 concentrations and sea level

Is SLR accelerating?:

Sea-level rise is accelerating

How ice-shelf loss leads to faster SLR

Sea surface height change 1992-2018

NASA IPCC-AR6 sea level projection tool

New study finds sea level rise accelerating

Sea levels rising at fastest rate in 2000 years

Study finds sea levels rising at an unprecedented rate

The rate of sea-level rise is 'far worse than previously thought', study says

Best estimates of SLR:

SLR projection tool

Drowning in numbers

Satellites trace sea level change

200 years of measuring global sea level

Tide-gauge records may underestimate SLR

On the rocks: the challenge of predicting SLR

15' to 20' SLR possible sooner rather than later

Shrinking ice sheets lifted global sea level 14mm

Sea-level rise could exceed one metre this century

Sea level mapped from space with GPS reflections

Rising sea levels of 1.8 meters in worst case scenario

How much will Antarctica and Grenland ice raise seas?

'Best estimate' for impact of melting ice on sea level rise

A new approach to assessing sea level rise from ice sheets

Burning remaining fossil fuel could cause 60-meter sea level rise

SLR could nearly double over earlier estimates in next 100 years

Global sea-level likely to rise as much as 70' for future generations

Evidence from past suggests climate trends could yield 20' sea level rise

Each degree of global warming might ultimately raise global sea levels by more than 2m

Millennial total sea-level commitments projected with ESM of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM

Satellite programs to measure and predict SLR:

NASA SLR website

Copernicus Sentinel-6 to track SLR

Future sea-leval rise constrained by observations and long-term commitment

Jason-3 oceanography satellite produces its first map of global sea surface height

Observational requirements for long-term monitoring of the Global Mean Sea Level

New study indicates need for continuous satellite monitoring of ice-sheets to better predict sea-level rise

SLR and salinity:

Salinity matters when it comes to sea level changes

Long-term sea-level change revisited: the role of salinity

The link between Volcanoes and SLR:

Sea level and volcanoes

Volcanic eruption masked acceleration in sea level rise

The contribution of Glacial Melt to SLR:

Glacier melt helps sea level forecasts

Alaska and Canada glacier melt significant to world SLR

Alaska glaciers make large contribution to global sea level rise

World's melting glaciers making large contribution to sea-level rise

International team maps nearly 200,000 glaciers in quest of sea-level rise estimates

Contribution of Antarctic melt on SLR:

Antarctica techno-fix cannot slow rising seas

Antarctic ice sheet unstable at end of last ice age

Changing Antarctic winds create new sea level threat

Contribution of Antarctica to past and future sea-level rise

Antarctica could raise sea level faster than previously thought

Changing Antarctic waters could trigger steep rise in sea levels

Ocean eddies strongly effect global mean sea-level projections

Climate forecasts underestimate SLR impact of Antarctica thaw

Unstable East Antarctic glacier has contributed to SLR in the past

Antartic ice instability could yield rapid melting, dramatic se level rise

By mid-century, more Antarctic snowfall may help offset sea-level rise

Linear sea-level response to abrupt ocean warming of major West Antarctic ice basin

SLR and Coastal Flooding:

Sea-level rise: towards understanding local vulnerability

Doubling of coastal flooding frequency within decades due to SLR

Sea-level rise past and future: robust estimates for coastal planners

New elevation data triple estimates of global SLR and coastal flooding

Doubling of coastal flooding frequency within decades due to sea-level rise

Global probablistic projections of extreme SLR shows intensification of coastal flooding

Costructing sea-level scenarios for impact and adaptation assessment of coastal areas

A climate change adaptation planning process for low-lying communities vulnerable to sea level rise

SLR damage costs :

Adapting to sea level rise could save trillions by 2100

Rising sea levels could cost the world $14 trillion a year by 2100

Flood damage costs under the SLR with warming of 1.5C and 2.0C

A framework to investigate the economic growth impact of sea level rise

Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise

Loss of cultural world heritage and currently inhabited spaces to sea-level rise

Historic sea levels:

Trigger for past rapid sea level rise discovered

What the past tells us about modern sea-level rise

New study lowers estimate of ancient sea-level rise

Study tracks global sea-levels over the last five ice ages

An ancient meltwater pulse raised sea levels by 18 meters

Climate related sea-level variations over the past two millennia 

Temperature-driven global sea-level variability in the Common Era

Study links Greenland ice sheet collapse, sea level rise 400,000 years ago

Scientists discover evidence for past high-level sea-rise at current CO2 levels

Ice sheet collapse and sea-level rise at the Bolling warming 14,600 years ago 

A reconciled solution of Meltwater pulse 1A sources using sea-level fingerprinting

Identifying geographical patterns of transient deformation in the geological sea level record

Enhanced basal lubrication and the contribution of the Greenland ice sheet to future sea-level rise

Can SLR be offset by increased water on land?

Thirsty continents are slowing down SLR

Rising seas slowed by inceasing water on land

Global sea level rise dampened by Australia floods

Groundwater pumping leads to sea level rise, cancels out effect of dams

Impact of SLR on Infrastructure:

Runways underwater: maps show where rising seas threaten 80 airports around the world

Impact of SLR on Cities:

Global cities impact

Rising tides, sinking cities

The 3 degrees world: the cities that will be drowned by global warming

Regional impacts:

Lands that will flood in our lifetime

North America:

Surging seas USA

Global and regional SLR for the US

The threat of sea level rise to the US

Coastal cities prepare for rising sea levels

US sea level rise adaptation in the public sector

Sea level rise and coastal flooding impacts viewer

Underwater: impact on US coastal real estate values

Rising seas will affect major US coastal cities by 2100

2019 state of US high tide flooding with a 2020 outlook

US: Just 20 inches could make a disasterous difference

SLR threatens hundreds of wastewater treatment plants

NOAA establishes 'tipping points' for sea level rise related flooding

Modelling sea-level rise impacts on storm surges along US coasts

High-tide flood risk is accelerating, putting coastal economis at risk

Americans back preparation for extreme weather and sea-level rise

New US regional SLR scenarios help communities prepare for risks

Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level

Study provides new look at anciient coastline, pathways for early Americans

Preparing for the flood: Visualizations help communities prepare for sea-level rise

Patterns and projections of high tide flooding along US coastline using a common impact threshold

From the extreme to the mean: acceleration and tipping points of coastal inundation from sea level rise

Tidally adjusted estimates of vulnerability to sea level rise and flooding for the contiguous United States

Gulf of Mexico:

Living with SLR on the Upper Texas coast

Simulations of SLR on Gulf of Mexico coastal marshes and forests in Waccasassa Bay, Florida

Eastern seaboard:

Norfolk VA: a case study in SLR

Encroaching US East Coast tides

Boston: preparing for the rising tide

Future SLR and the New Jersey coast

Miami may not survive climate-driven SLR

US East Coast's rapidly rising seas explained

As Florida Keys flood, property worries seep in

Virginia fishing village threatened by rising sea level

84,000 lives threatened by sea level rise in New England

Sea level along Maryland's shoreline could rise 2' by 2050

Scientists warn US east coast over accelerated sea-level rise

Miami condo-collapse highlights urgent need to adapt to rising seas

Climate study predicts a watery future for New York, Boston and Miami

Sea-level rise, not stronger storm surge, will cause future NYC flooding

A geological perspective on sea-level rise and its impact along the US mid-Atlantic coast

LLNL scientist finds topography of Eastern seaboard muddles ancient sea level changes

Waet Coast:

California rising

US Mission Creek: SLR adaptation studies

How an atlas of San Francisco Bay is helping deal with SLR

Destruction from SLR in California could exceed worst wildfires and earthquakes

What the US West Coast could look like if climate change continues   


The surprisingly difficult task of measuring SLR around India 

Pacific Countries:

Sea-level rise drives shoreline retreat in Hawaii 

Indonesia to build $263M sea wall to protect capital

The Australian baseline sea level monitoring project

Pacific sea level predicts global temperature changes

Australia: Rising seas may put $300b of property at risk

Australia's coastal living is at risk from SLR, but it's happened before

Rising sea levels, storm suges pose risks for Hong Kong's artificial island project

Is There Evidence Yet of Acceleration in Mean Sea Level Rise around Mainland Australia?

Aboriginal memories of inundation of the Australian coast dating more than 7000 years ago


DRR strategies in EU coastal areas

Risk of major sea level rise in Northern Europe

Almost 7,000 UK properties to be sacrificed to rising seas

Travel back in time to a paradise lost under the North Sea

Copenhagen: Quantifying the effect of SLR and flood defence

Sea level rise projections for Northern Europe under RCP8.5

Holland is relocating homes to make more room for high water

The sources of sea-level changes in the Mediterranean Sea since 1960

The Northern European Enclosure Dam (NEED) - if climate change mitigation fails

As sea levels rise, Rotterdam floats to the top aas an example of how to live with water

Living with sea-level rise in North-West Europe: science-policy challenges across scales

Atmospheric forcing of decadal Baltic Sea level variability in the last 200 years: A statistical analysis


Long-term measurements document SLR in the Arctic

Arctic Ocean sea level record from the complete radar altimetry era: 1991-2018