Neutrinos from Hell: the Dawn of Neutrino Geophysics

Seismic waves have been for long time the only messenger reporting on the conditions deep inside the Earth. While global seismology provides amazing details about the structure of our planet, it is only sensitive to the mechanical properties of rocks and not to their chemical composition. In the last few years KamLAND and Borexino have started measuring anti-neutrinos produced by Uranium and Thorium inside the Earth.