Visualisation,Video, VR & Augmented Reality

2D weather charts have been the norm for many years, yet all weather systems are physically 3D in reality, involving all three coordinates axes: x,y and z (alternatively: latitude, longitude, and vertical, or 3 polar coordinates). If we add the time component 't', then weather systems are actually 4D. Likewise, climate systems are 4D as well, but with a slower evolving time component than that of weather systems. Environmental and ecological sytems are also 4D in character, as in fact are all structures and phenomena which lie within the realm of Earth Science. Beyond the realm of Earth Science however, in such areas as space science and cosmology, it may make sense to talk of 5D, or higher dimensions.

There are many visual display standards currently in use within Earth-based biogeophysical-chemical studies, as well as a number of new visualization methods under development. These developments are summarized below:

Visualisation for scientific communication & storytelling:

Science needs story

Goodbye uncanny valley

Exascale's potential for animation

The emerging genre of data comics

The storytelling mandate of big data

Visualizing physics at the nanoscale

Camera brings unseen world to light 

Scientific storytelling using visualization     

Storytelling and the software professional

Turning seeing into understanding and making

Improving healthcare with interactive visualization

OpenSpace: Bringing NASA missions to the public

Morrison Planetarium - GPUs and the Story of Life

In pursuit of the perfectly animated cloud of smoke

Why data visualization + storytelling is marketing gold

Disney and the details: 400,000 hairs on a field mouse

Visualizing science: how color determines what we see

Reimagining the scientific visualization interaction paradigm

The case for teaching CG with WebGL: a 25-year perspective

Modernizing 'cranky' rendering code for HPC-based animation

Evaluating accessible graphical interfaces for building story worlds

Putting science first - distinguishing visualizations from pretty pictures

Gleaning insights in large time-varying scientific and engineering data

New software helps researchers visualize science with greater fidelity

Audience-targeted design considerations for effective scientific storytelling

Designers and statisticians disagree on what makes a good information graphic

3D Interdisciplinary Visualization: tools for scientific analysis and communication 

The stories we tell about dat: surveying data-driven storytelling using visualisation

Meet Katie Bouman, the sensational scientist who developed the black hole image algorithm

Visualisation for insight, analysis and decision-making:

Seeing things

CGI Moon kit 

Visual Insights 

See it, touch it, feel it        

Industrial visualization

New mathematical tools

JPEG changed our world

Perfecting digital imaging

Breathing life into shapes

Methods of visualizing data

What killed the infographic?

The art of data visualization

Visual analysis best practice 

Building the Universe pixel by pixel

Taking graphics cards beyond gaming

CMap tools for organizing knowledgel

Turning data into images to aid insight

Taking 3D visualization to new heights

Making 3-D imaging 1,000 times better

Researchers develop 'visual Turing test' 

UpSet: visualization of intersecting sets

Realistic sounds for computer animation

Activity detection in scientific visualization

Challenges in visual analysis of ensembles

A snapshot of current trends in visualization

Snapshots from the edge of big visualization

High-end visualization the Open Source way

Ultra fast high resolution imaging in real time

Visualization - deconstructing the PhD thesis

Natural interaction with visualization systems 

Four ways to visualize bi streaming data now

The technological roots of computer graphics

The history of the modern graphics processor

Research challenges for visualization software

CPUs sometimes best for big data visualization

Evaluating the impact of binning 2D scalar fields

What is data visualization and why is it important? 

Platform combines visual analytics, vector mapping

A mathemmatical model unlocks the secret of vision

Intel's software defined visualization (SDVis) appliance

Visualizing science: how color determines what we see

Visualization & graphics tutorial  by Jean Favre (CSCS)

The top-10 challenges in extreme-scale visual analytics

New modeling approach transforms imaging technologies

The third wave in computer graphics and interactive techniques

Rethinking visual analytics for streaming data applications

MegaMol cross-platform visualisation framework advances

Surprise! Bayesian weighting for de-biasing thematic maps

View-based 3D object retreival: challenges and approaches

Researchers develop new viz tools to explore fusion physics

Interactive online maps make satellite ocean data accessible

Digging deeper, seeing farther: supercomputers alter science

What color is your data? Inside the science of data visualization

Why visualize? Arguments for visual support in decision-making

Practices & technologies in computer game software engineering

Less computing time for sand and other images of granular objects

Virtual finger enables scientists to navigate and analyze 3D images

Researchers make movies of photochemistry in single nanoparticles

Computer graphics is where all the elements of computer meet the user

Supporting communication and coordination in collaborative sensemaking

A transparently scalable visualization architecture for exploring the Universe

The problem of evaluating CPU-GPU systems with 3D visualization applications 

Multisensor image fusion in remote sensing: concepts, methods and applications

Review of stereo vision algorithms and their suitability for resource-limited systems

Semantic interaction for visual analytics: toward coupling cognition with computation

Interactive, exascale ready, 3D rendering solutions using software defined visualization

Reducing snapshots to points: a visual analytics approach to dynamic network exploration

Cologorical: creating discriminable and preferable color palettes for information visualization

Importance-driven isosurface decimation for visualization of large simulation data based on Open CL

Multivariate network exploration and presentation: from detail to overview via selections & aggregations

Visualization-by-sketching: an artists's interface for creating multi-variate time-varying data visualizations 

Video systems: 

The future of holographic video

First 8K video from space - ultra HD

OmniGlobe spherical display system

Analyzing video, the biggest data of them all

A deep-intelligence framework for online video processing

Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality. Mixed Reality: 

Virtual Reality is here  

Defining VR, AR and MR

Being two places at once

Pixel perfect is critical in augmented reality 

Software lets smartphones sense touch force  

Recent trends in augmented and virtual reality

VR StarCAVE morphs into SunCAVE at UCSD

360-degree virtual-reality cameras for the masses

Japanese engineers develop headset-less VR system

How artists are shaping the future of augmented reality

It's time for a chemistry lesson. Put on your VR goggles

Is 3-D visualization software the future of urban planning?

A new era for web AR with mobile edge compuuting (MEC)

Using VR to increase motivation in poststroke rehabilitation

Augmented reality turns a sandbox into a geoscience lesson

Spatial user interfaces for large-scale projector-based augmented reality

In this immersive 'dataVRse' you can explore big data using your senses

Compresssing VR: fitting large virtual environments into limited physical space

Battery-free, eye-tracking glasses can make AR experience even more realistic

Vortex plans to open 2,500-seat dome mutiplex for headset-free VR experiences 

Mixed reality: computer vision killer app will change how we communicate, collaborate

Streaming visualisation:

Streaming mobile image processing

Building 3D streaming applications from the cloud

Visualization beyond the desktop - the next big thing

Shrinking 3D technology for comfortable smart phone viewing

New centimeter-accurate GPS system could transform virtual reaity and mobile devices

Remote visualisation:

Does HPC's future lie in remote visualisation?

Algorithm helps turn smartphones into 3D scanners

Rapidly extract medical insight with remote visualization

Super multi-view 3D display technique for portable devices

Inadequate data visualization leaves patients undereducated

Remote Interactive 3D visualization and the key to HPC cloud acceptance

Screens, displays, cameras, projectors & holography:


3D without holograms

Projecting a 3D future

Towards a better screen

Glass has smart potential

3D displays - past and present 

Digital globes offer a dynamic vision 

Waveguide metamaterial holography  

Huge 3D displays without 3D glasses 

A photophoretic-trap volumetric display

Scientists develop touchable holograms

Reality chack: an immersive gigapixel display

The Reality Deck: an immersive gigapixel display

New printer creates extremely realistic colorful holograms

Full circle viewing: 360-degree electronic holographic display

Researchers bring eyewear-free 3D capabilities to small screen

New technology enables ultra-fast steering and shaping of light beams 

Review of 3D holographic imaging by multiple-viewpoint-based methods 

Holography, light-field technology combo could deliver practical 3D displays

NIST's light-sensing camera may help detect extraterrestrial life, dark matter 

New technology for dynamic projection mapping with less misalignment and quality degradation

Visual applications: 

Flowing Cities

Seabed lithology

GPlates webportal 

Infinitaas by Metanoiaa

Perpetual Ocean Video   

Observing a volatile Earth

A flight through the Universe

Earth and Mars in virtual reality 

New tool to visualize marine life 

Visualization of Earth's seasons

Animated GIFs of Earth over time

Ultrascale visualization of climate data

Visualization challenges for radio astronomy

In situ visualization for large-scale combustion 

Astrobiology students use art to develop critical thinking skills  

New web tools to improve accuracy of global land cover maps

Weather Channel uses animation to show dangers of storm surge

Enhancing the gaming experience using 3D spatial user interface technologies 

Thinking out of the flat box: software renders Earth's atmosphere in 3D splendor

After millions of trials, these simulated humans learned to do perfect backflips and cartwheels    

Somewhere over the rainbow: how to make effective use of colors in meteorological visualizations 

AI and ML in computer graphics:

Application of machine learning to computer graphics

Visualisation pioneers:

Pioneers in modern computer graphics

Visual systems in use:


NASA's World Wind

NASA science visualization wall 

NASA's Eyes on the Solar System

NASA Scientific Visualization Studio

NASA World Wind Europa Challenge

NASA visualizations hit the Hyperwall

NASA's Goddard Scientific Visualization Studio

NASA's iPad app beams science straight to users  

NASA's COVE (CEOS - Visualization Environment) 

NASA's Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC)


JPL's Sea Level Viewer 

JPL's Climate Time Machine 


NOAA's Science on a sphere 

NOAA's Environmental Visualization Lab


NCAR's Viz Tools 


Google Earth Builder 

Google's Earth Engine

Introducing Google Chart Tools and Google Maps API in data visualization courses 

Google Earth as a virtual globe tool for Earth science apps at the global scale: progress & perspectives


Microsoft Research Virtual 3D Globe

Other visualisation efforts & tools:





Magic Leap


Hans Josling



Scale-1 Portal

The Elumenati 


Skybox imaging

Interactive Book

Virtual 3D Globe

Worldviews network

Using ARCgis in 3D


Johns Hopkins GAIA

NPP poster collection

World population cube

GPlates plate tectonics

Earth knowledge portal

SIO Visualization Center 

Bathymetry data EOMAP

The Australian data cube

Quality positioning services

Miraikan - Tsunagarai project

OpenEarth Framework (OEF)

Dissecting Michael Bay's visual style

Space weather visualization - CCMC

Integrated Hazard Assessment Tool (IHAT)

Scientists go eye-to-eye with research at ESIF

Winners of the visualization contest at PASC14

UN global pulse sustainable development indicator

Graphics processors speed up Twitter visualizations

Hazard vulnerability explorer and data retrieval system

MIT spinout exploits GPU memory for vast visualization

SERVIR: the regional visualization and monitoring system

VuePod: powerful enough for a gamer, made for an engineer   

TACC develops visualization software for humanities researchers                   

The StarCAVE, a third-generation CAVE and virtual reality OptIPortal 

ParaView.   Remote visualization with ParaView      ParaView and AstroViz

Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS)Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS) 

Inside Metal: how Apple plans to unlock the secret graphics performance of the A7 chip                       

Application of 3D WebGIS and real-time technique in earthquake information publishing and visualization                

For the purpose of imaging reality as realistic as possible, it is the intention of the ICES Foundation to develop 4D visual output from its Earth Systems modeling & simulation efforts, and to allow the viewer full navigation and exploration freedom within these visualizations, as a tool for improving insight and understanding of the fundamental processes of Nature - as well as for decision support in the case of mitigation planning and disaster risk reduction.