Models

Mathematical models of the Earth System, the Solar System, and indeed the entire Cosmos are evolving rapidly, and are becoming more insighful, more accurate, and more complex as the fundamental natural processes are better understood. However, each model has its own strengths and weaknesses, depending on the choice of algorithms embedded therein, and the nature of the data necessary to initialize it. Models are often run 'backwards in time' to test their skill against historical records - that is, as a check of the models' accuracy to predict past scenarios. They are then ran 'forwards' to forecast future events. A discussion of various models and modeling issues is contained in the following material, sorted by category:

View details Models

Introductory items: Earth System Models (ESMs): iESM ESMF
CESM1.0 and CESM2.0 LOVECLIM E3SM COSMO
FGOALS2-s MIROC-ESM ACCESS Regional Earth System Models (RESMs)
Atmosphere~Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs): CMIP5 CMIP3 CMIP-6
CCM~CAM ECHAM5/MAECHAM5 MPI-OM CM2M, CM2G and CM3
GloSea4 HadCM3 HadGEM3 Family MIROC5
CCSM4.0 Global Circulation Models (GCMs): GEOS-5 MITgcm
SAMIL CPT FAMIL AEOLUS
GNAM Regional Circulation Models (RCMs): SHYFEM NRCMs
RegCM4 LDMZ DREAM PROTHEUS
CanRCM4 EVENT PRECIS CHRM
REMO HRM Atmosphere~Chemistry Models: SOCOL
WACCM Atmosphere-Dispersion Models: HAMMONIA WACCM4
TM CTIPe RCP4.5 MAGICC/SCENGEN
MOZART ACC2 Ocean Models: ECCO
NEMO WSA-ENLIL LIGHT MPAS-O
HOPS CMIT GFDL's MOM LANL's POP
ICOM NCAR's COM NLOM MICOM
GFDL's HIM POM UCLA's and Rutger's ROMS QUODDY (Dartmouth Uni)
SEOM (Rutgers) OceanAdapt FVCOM TOMS
HYCOM HOPE COCO LICOM 2.0
ACOM2 OSCURS GOTM Wave Models:
WAM SWAN WAVEWATCH III TOMAWAC
Tsunami Models: MOST TUNA ComMIT
Storm Surge Models: SELFE COMT COMT
Weather Models: SLIDER EC-Earth ARPEGE
PEARP EUROSIP ARPS NCEP's NMM
WRF MM5 COAMPS-TC ADCIRC
HRRR SLIMM REMO ALADIN
TAPOM FIM DePreSys FV3
MPAS Turbulence & Wind Models: OpenFOAM InVEST
Hurricane Models Tornado Models Cloud Models: NICAM
Precipitation Models: SOGP STORM Flood Modelling
SWMM5/PCSWMM Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) NWM HAND
GFPLAIN250 Lake Models: TC-3D-GLARM River Models
Snow-Ice-Water Models: CROCUS VESL PISM
Avalanche Models RAMMS Glacier, Iceberg & Ice Sheet Models GERM
BISICLES Surface Loading Models: REAR ISSM
Earthquake Models: OpenGEM/OpenQUAKE QuakeSim GeoFEST
VC TEM TPM SPECFEM3D
ALLCAL ViscoSIM SCEC Earthquake Simulator Comparison project RSQSim
Volcanic Models Mantle Models: SIGMELTS IGMAS+
EGM2008 GOCE DEW PREM
Core Models: Landscape Models: ISBA SCOPE
LitMod3D PFLOTRAN GDEM LANDLAB
TerrainWorks Land Surface Models: ORCHIDEE Landslide Models:
LHASA ReLWaM Soils & Weathering Models WITCH
Coastal / Estuary, River and Lake Models Delft3D RAPID ASMITA
MOSART Canopy Models: SAIL PROSPECT
MEND CLM CABLE EcoPAD
RSQsim GeoSAIL Soil Models: KLUM
Land Use & Land Cover Models: MAGPIE EU FASOM MPT
DRAINMOD-FOREST SALUS APSIM GLOBIOM
NOAH-MP INVEST TOPMODEL ORCHIDEE
BASEMENT CLM CASA GloPEM
The Madingley Model Fire Models: AGNI-NAR PyroSim
FDS-SMV BREEZE FARSITE Hydrology Models:
HYPROM WaSiM HYDRUS tRIBS-ECO
Ecological Models: Environmental Models: MODISAzure NOAA's NEM
EMIS LandSHIFT HABITAT i-Tree
IDRISI Wildlife Models: Urban & City Models: RESILIENCE.IO
LandSIM3D ETEM LEAQ SEES
IGSM Farming Models: farmOS Fracking Models:
Integrated Assessment Models: CHIMP FUND GLOBIO
GISMO FAIR HYDE IMAGE
Agent Based Modelling MASON PHOENIX SRTM
AUDREY Disaster Risk Models PDEVS SMART
Structural Damage Models: ISSM Ice Sheet Models ISSM
Arctic Regional Models: RASM Economic Models: WEFM
Conflict Models: NaReCo Policy Models: GPM
PICADOR Fusion energy models Energy System Models: FASTSim
Solar Weather Models: Deep Solar CORSIKA CoREAS
DREAM3D LMMP Cosmological Models: Gaia Sky
Milky Way galaxy map CGRPH AREPO BOLSHOI
ENZO 2.0 WSA-Enlil FIRE EAGLE
FADO Cosmic Ray models PARMA/EXPACS Instrument Signal Simulation Models:
PSG COSP GADGET-2 CRTM
SDSU CFMIP-OBS PhAst FIBSEM
Analysis Tools: PYUNICORN CASCADE Modelling of other planets