Models

Mathematical models of the Earth System, the Solar System, and indeed the entire Cosmos are evolving rapidly, and are becoming more insighful, more accurate, and more complex as the fundamental natural processes are better understood. However, each model has its own strengths and weaknesses, depending on the choice of algorithms embedded therein, and the nature of the data necessary to initialize it. Models are often run 'backwards in time' to test their skill against historical records - that is, as a check of the models' accuracy to predict past scenarios. They are then ran 'forwards' to forecast future events. A discussion of various models and modeling issues is contained in the following material, sorted by category:

View details Models

Introductory items: Earth System Models (ESMs): iESM ESMF
CESM1.0 and CESM2.0 LOVECLIM E3SM COSMO
FGOALS2-s MIROC-ESM ACCESS Regional Earth System Models (RESMs)
Atmosphere~Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs): CMIP5 CMIP3 CMIP-6
CCM~CAM ECHAM5/MAECHAM5 MPI-OM CM2M, CM2G and CM3
GloSea4 HadCM3 HadGEM3 Family MIROC5
CCSM4.0 Global Circulation Models (GCMs): GEOS-5 MITgcm
SAMIL CPT FAMIL AEOLUS
GNAM Regional Circulation Models (RCMs): SHYFEM NRCMs
RegCM4 LDMZ DREAM PROTHEUS
CanRCM4 EVENT PRECIS CHRM
REMO HRM Atmosphere~Chemistry Models: SOCOL
WACCM Atmosphere-Dispersion Models: HAMMONIA WACCM4
TM CTIPe RCP4.5 MAGICC/SCENGEN
MOZART ACC2 Ocean Models: ECCO
NEMO WSA-ENLIL LIGHT MPAS-O
HOPS CMIT GFDL's MOM LANL's POP
ICOM NCAR's COM NLOM MICOM
GFDL's HIM POM UCLA's and Rutger's ROMS QUODDY (Dartmouth Uni)
SEOM (Rutgers) OceanAdapt FVCOM TOMS
HYCOM HOPE COCO LICOM 2.0
ACOM2 OSCURS GOTM Wave Models:
WAM SWAN WAVEWATCH III TOMAWAC
Tsunami Models: MOST TUNA ComMIT
Storm Surge Models: SELFE COMT COMT
Weather Models: EC-Earth ARPEGE PEARP
EUROSIP ARPS NCEP's NMM WRF
MM5 COAMPS-TC ADCIRC HRRR
SLIMM REMO ALADIN TAPOM
FIM DePreSys FV3 MPAS
Turbulence & Wind Models: OpenFOAM InVEST Hurricane Models
Tornado Models Cloud Models: NICAM Precipitation Models:
SOGP STORM Flood Modelling SWMM5/PCSWMM
Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) NWM HAND Lake Models:
TC-3D-GLARM River Models Snow-Ice-Water Models: CROCUS
VESL PISM Avalanche Models RAMMS
Glacier, Iceberg & Ice Sheet Models GERM Surface Loading Models: REAR
ISSM Earthquake Models: OpenGEM/OpenQUAKE QuakeSim
GeoFEST VC TEM TPM
SPECFEM3D ALLCAL ViscoSIM SCEC Earthquake Simulator Comparison project
RSQSim Volcanic Models Mantle Models: IGMAS+
EGM2008 GOCE DEW PREM
Core Models: Landscape Models: ISBA SCOPE
LitMod3D PFLOTRAN GDEM LANDLAB
TerrainWorks Land Surface models: ORCHIDEE Landslide Models:
LHASA ReLWaM Coastal / Estuary, River and Lake Models Delft3D
RAPID ASMITA MOSART Canopy Models:
SAIL PROSPECT MEND CLM
CABLE EcoPAD RSQsim GeoSAIL
Soil Models: KLUM Land Use & Land Cover Models: MAGPIE
EU FASOM MPT DRAINMOD-FOREST SALUS
APSIM GLOBIOM NOAH-MP INVEST
TOPMODEL ORCHIDEE BASEMENT CLM
CASA GloPEM The Madingley Model Fire Models:
AGNI-NAR PyroSim FDS-SMV BREEZE
FARSITE Hydrology Models: HYPROM WaSiM
HYDRUS tRIBS-ECO Ecological Models: Environmental Models:
MODISAzure NOAA's NEM EMIS LandSHIFT
HABITAT i-Tree IDRISI Wildlife Models:
Urban & City Models: RESILIENCE.IO LandSIM3D ETEM
LEAQ SEES IGSM Integrated Assessment Models:
CHIMP FUND GLOBIO GISMO
FAIR HYDE IMAGE Agent Based Modelling
MASON PHOENIX SRTM AUDREY
Disaster Risk Models PDEVS SMART Structural Damage Models:
ISSM Ice Sheet Models ISSM Arctic Regional Models:
RASM Economic Models: WEFM Conflict Models:
NaReCo Policy Models: GPM PICADOR
Fusion energy models Energy System Models: Solar Weather Models: CORSIKA
CoREAS DREAM3D LMMP Cosmological Models:
CGRPH AREPO BOLSHOI ENZO 2.0
WSA-Enlil FIRE EAGLE FADO
Cosmic Ray models PARMA/EXPACS Instrument Signal Simulation Models: PSG
COSP GADGET-2 CRTM SDSU
CFMIP-OBS PhAst FIBSEM Analysis Tools:
PYUNICORN CASCADE